The city owes its popularity to the thermal waters which are very rich in precious minerals that still today boast their reputation in international mineral water therapy.
Montecatini’s waters are various and have different designations: they have beneficial effects on the liver promoting purification, on gall-healing dysfunctions, on chronic constipation; and moreover they promote the elimination of wastes through the kidneys and replenish the salts that are lost during sport.
Besides the traditional thermal waters and mud baths you can also find the most innovative methodologies for beauty and well-being : massages, body and face treatment , body shape treatments , relaxation or well-being.
Montecatini thermal waters were probably already known and exploited in Roman times, due to the discovery during the restoration works of some Roman votive statues in 1788.
The first studies about the use of waters date back to the beginning of the 15th century where the miraculous proprieties were highlighted describing precisely the possibilities of therapeutic use. Already in 1477 the Thermal Baths were equipped with efficient structures.
Since the 16th century Montecatini underwent a period of decadence that lasted over two centuries. The city was regenerated by the Grand Duke Pietro Leopold of Lorraine, the real founder of the actual Montecatini Terme, who committed skilled plumbers to the arrangement of the springs and the construction of the Bagno Regio in 1773, Terme Leopoldine in 1779 and Tettuccio in 1779. The city was also regulated by a precise city plan, where the actual arrangement of the thermal structures and the long avenue - “lo Stradone de' Bagni “- today Viale Verdi were drawn.
Since the second half of the 19th century , a great impulse to the development of the thermal centre of Montecatini came from both the construction of the state church (1833), and the rise of the train station (1853) – the actual centre of Montecatini.
The demographic and city development intensified at the end of the 19th century with the development of the tourism facilities and the construction of big hotels among which , is the “Gran Hotel La Pace".